investment trusts incomeWe survey the discount opportunities in the market and update on the performance of our Discounted Opportunities Portfolio…


This is not substantive investment research or a research recommendation, as it does not constitute substantive research or analysis. This material should be considered as general market commentary.


One of the key attractions of investment trusts is the chance of finding a bargain. If shares are bought at a significant discount to NAV and that discount narrows, it offers a source of extra returns not available with an open-ended fund. This can lead to exceptional returns, as has been shown by one graduate of our discounted opportunities portfolio discussed below. However, there are plenty of risks to be aware of. Investing in trusts on the basis of the discount potential alone is a risky business, given the potential for non-investment events to drive discounts – corporate action, illiquid shareholder registers etc. Moreover, discounts can persist for many years when sectors or managers are out of favour. Our discounted opportunities portfolio contains trusts we think represent a double opportunity: a wide discount alongside good NAV potential. Investors should be aware, however, that there is no guarantee that our ideas will be proven correct!


Market review


Markets have shrugged off the Omicron wave in recent weeks, and since we last reviewed discounts in September, equity investors have had a good run. The UK market is up around 6%, and the MSCI ACWI is +5% (see graph below). It’s hard to discern a Santa Rally, however, with returns essentially flat from the start of November.


esg investing


Interestingly despite the strong performance of the UK market, the UK All Companies sector was one of those to see its weighted average discount widen the most over the period. This could provide an opportunity in the light of the current omicron situation: the UK has ‘boosted’ faster and further than its international peers and has a smaller immuno-naïve population, which could conceivably lead to a second vaccine bounce in the coming weeks, particularly if, as seems likely, no further restrictions are imposed in England.

The table below shows the ten sectors which have seen their discounts widen the most and the ten which have narrowed the most since 8 September. The leasing sector saw the maritime funds derate over the period after an exceptionally strong run-up in their share prices. The second-largest widening was seen in the Royalties sector. This has been driven by a de-rating for Hipgnosis Songs (SONG), the older and larger of the two trusts in the sector. It began the period on a premium of around 7%, fell onto a 7% discount and then recovered to par. In our view, this could be an interesting rating for those of a bearish persuasion. If 2022 sees markets come down to earth then Hipgnosis’ steady income with potentially low economic sensitivity could come to be in demand. Like the leasing sector, India and Growth Capital both saw slight de-ratings after a strong period for the shares.




Leasing -7.7 -13.4 -5.8 7.7
Royalties 5.4 0.3 -5.1 3.7
UK All Companies -5.1 -8.2 -3.1 2.9
Growth Capital 13.1 11.2 -1.9 3.7
Property – Debt -2.9 -4.5 -1.6 3.7
India -10.9 -12.3 -1.4 14.4
UK Smaller Companies -5.0 -6.4 -1.4 1.3
Property Securities 0.4 -0.6 -1.0 5.5
Global Emerging Markets -7.3 -8.1 -0.8 3.2
Debt – Direct Lending -4.2 -5.0 -0.8 3.2
Insurance & Reinsurance Strategies -19.1 -15.8 3.3 4.4
Global -4.4 -0.9 3.5 3.2
Environmental 4.9 8.4 3.5 5.7
Private Equity ex 3i -14.8 -11.2 3.7 4.6
Renewable Energy Infrastructure 10.1 13.9 3.8 2.4
Technology & Media -6.2 -2.2 4.0 5.1
Latin America -10.5 -5.8 4.8 -16.4
Biotechnology & Healthcare 0.1 5.0 4.9 -0.8
North America Smaller Companies -6.3 -0.4 5.8 5.1
Property – UK Logistics 21.4 27.7 6.2 1.4

Source: Morningstar


Turning to those sectors becoming more expensive, the logistics sector in the property market went from strength to strength and has by some way the highest average premium of all sectors in the Morningstar database: +27.7% coming into 2022. The fundamentals are strong for the sector, but dividend yields are now low – the weighted average of the AIC sector is just 2.9%. We think investors on the hunt for discount opportunities might be looking in the conventional property sector now the dust from the pandemic is settling, and this is the source of our new idea for the Discounted Opportunities Portfolio (see below).

Both trusts in the North American Smaller Companies sector have seen their discounts narrow significantly over the period. Brown Advisory US Smaller Companies (BASC) is a trust we highlighted on a number of occasions as offering potential value. It has moved from a double-digit discount to around 4.5%, while JPMorgan US Smaller Companies (JUSC) has narrowed close to par. While this is a growth-driven sector, Latin America is very much driven by the value factor, yet BlackRock Latin America (BRLA) has also seen significant discount narrowing over this period, from almost 12% to 6.5%.

One area of high conviction for us for a considerable time has been private equity. We have long argued that the wide discounts in the sector have been anomalous considering the strong NAV performance and the high ratings of the Growth Capital sector. Private Equity trusts saw a weighted average narrowing of the discount by 3.7 percentage points over this period. One outstanding performer was Oakley Capital Investments (OCI), a constituent of our discounted opps portfolio, as we discuss below.


Portfolio review


OCI’s discount (according to Morningstar) came in from over 20% to just 6% between 8 September and the New Year. This discount narrowing contributed to a share price total return of 19.7%. This was only matched by NB Private Equity Partners (NBPE), which saw its discount narrow by 2.5 percentage points (see table below). OCI has been in our Discounted Opportunities Portfolio since we launched it in February 2019. At that time, it was on a discount of 27%. Since then, investors have made a share price total return of 133%, compared to total returns for the FTSE of 22% and the MSCI ACWI of 59% (see graph below). The reported NAV is roughly in line with the returns for the global index, albeit the most recent NAV (30/06/21) is now rather stale. The exceptional share price returns perfectly illustrate the power of buying a good NAV performer on a wide discount. While we can’t argue that at 6% it represents a particularly wide rating, it is worth noting that the discount rests on six month old data. OCI will be announcing its next NAV (as at 31/12/21) in late January, and from then on at quarterly intervals. Since August the discount has moved in considerably (15 percentage points according to Morningstar data). Whilst the real discount (once the NAV is announced) is potentially wider than Morningstar’s estimate, we are banking the impressive share price performance since our last update and as a consequence, bidding it farewell from the discounted opportunities portfolio. As we state in our recent update on the trust, we remain confident on the long term progress for OCI.


esg investing


The full Discounted Opportunities portfolio is shown below. After OCI, the next most significant discount narrowing was seen by Scottish Oriental Smaller Companies (SST) – 4 percentage points. This has followed a relatively good period for NAV returns, as we discussed in a recent note. Another factor that could lead to a narrower discount in future is the introduction of five-yearly conditional tender offers. The first will be held in 2026 if performance targets aren’t met.





  DISCOUNT (%) 08/09/2021 DISCOUNT (%) 03/01/2022 DISCOUNT MOVE (PP) NAV TR (%) SHARE PRICE TR (%)
Oakley Capital Investments -21.1 -6.0 15.1 0.6 19.7
Scottish Oriental Smaller Cos -14.0 -10.0 4.0 2.2 4.6
NB Private Equity Partners -24.6 -22.0 2.5 14.4 19.7
Schroder Japan Growth -12.3 -10.3 2.0 -3.8 -2.0
Aberdeen Standard Asia Focus -13.3 -11.4 1.8 5.0 8.7
CC Japan Income & Growth -12.3 -11.2 1.0 -0.9 1.0
Menhaden Resource Efficiency -27.6 -28.1 -0.5 -1.9 -2.6
Downing Strategic Micro-Cap Inv. -16.1 -17.8 -1.7 -13.3 -11.8
Aberdeen Smaller Companies Inc -12.4 -15.1 -2.7 -2.8 -5.0
Riverstone Energy -32.7 -42.8 -10.2 19.0 3.3
AVERAGE -18.6 17.5 1.1 3.6 1.9
FTSE AllSh TR GBP       2.7  
MSCI ACWI NR USD       4.4  

Source: Morningstar


The greatest discount widening was seen by Riverstone Energy. RSE had an outstanding year, with the NAV up c. 78%. However, the shares have drifted since September as reopening and reflationary trades paused. The trust is on the widest discount in our portfolio, which we think still offers the potential for excellent returns. The board will decide whether to wind up the company by the end of this year.


New Addition: BREI


To replace OCI, we are bringing in BMO Real Estate Investments (BREI). As at 03/01/2021, BREI was trading on a 22.6% discount, the widest of the direct UK property generalist trusts and wider than all but two of our portfolio constituents. BREI is a commercial property trust with just over half the portfolio invested in the industrials sector. Under manager Peter Lowe the trust has run down its conventional retail exposure to just 6.5%. BREI is one of the smaller trusts in the sector, with net assets of £266m. Gearing is high relative to the peer group, with 26% net gearing compared to an average of 18% (according to Morningstar data). These two factors may have contributed to its discount remaining wider than average and more volatile. There may also be some lingering memories in the market of the more retail-heavy portfolio of five years ago.

Commercial property trusts had a torrid time during the pandemic, but NAVs have now largely recovered. BREI’s portfolio is trading on a higher valuation than pre-pandemic, and it now yields 4.6% on a prospective basis, with the dividend only at 80% of pre-pandemic levels. We think this yield is likely to look increasingly attractive this year as inflation kicks in – real estate is a fairly good hedge for inflation as a rule. While investors have preferred specialist logistics trusts, these now have fairly unappealing yields, and with the shape of the economy after the pandemic seeming clearer, we think 2022 could see investors nibbling at the higher yields on generalist trusts like BREI.




Aberdeen Smaller Companies Income AIC UK Smaller Companies -15.1 Level with SLS’ discount (currently – 7.6%)
Aberdeen Standard Asia Focus AIC Asia Pacific Smaller Companies -11.4 <5%
BMO Real Estate Investments AIC Property – UK Direct -22.6 <5%
CC Japan Income & Growth AIC Japan -11.3 Par
Downing Strategic Micro-Cap AIC UK Smaller Companies -17.8 Level with UK Smaller Companies sector average (currently -8.6%)
Menhaden AIC Environmental -28.1 Level with Global sector average (currently -2.8%)
NB Private Equity AIC Private Equity -22.1 <10%
Riverstone Energy AIC Commodities & Natural Resources -42.8 Par (or wind up)
Schroder Japan Growth AIC Japan -10.3 Par
Scottish Oriental Smaller Cos AIC Asia Pacific Smaller Companies -10.0 <5%

Source: Morningstar




Leave a Reply